| The "range" must be a cell range or a named range. |

| The "range" does not have to be sorted into any order. |

| The "criteria" can be a cell reference or a named range. |

| The "criteria" can be in the form of a number, expression, or text. |

| The "criteria" can be expressed as numerical (i.e. 32) or as a string (i.e. "32"). |

| The "criteria" can use string matching, i.e. *M* is all words that contain the letter "M". This is not case sensitive. |

| If you are checking for numerical conditions **make sure the cells contain numbers and not text**. |

| Example 1 - This counts the number of cells that contain the text "apples". |

| Example 2 - This counts the number of cells that contain a negative number. |

| Example 3 - This counts the number of cells that contain a number less than 40. |

| Example 4 - This counts the number of cells that contain a number greater than 40. |

| Example 5 - This counts the number of cells that contain non zero values. |

| Example 6 - This counts the number of cells that contain a value between 1 and 100. |

| Example 7 - This counts the number of cells that contain text. |

| Example 8 - This counts the number of cells that contain the letter "B". This is not case sensitive. |

| Example 9 - This counts the number of cells that contain the letter "b". This is not case sensitive. |

| Example 10 - This counts the number of cells that contain only three letters. |

| Example 11 - This counts the number of cells that have the letter "e" as their second character. |

| Example 12 - This counts the number of cells that contain the text "Y". |

| Example 13 - This counts the number of cells that contain a date that is less than todays date. |

| Example 14 - This counts the number of cells that contain a date that is less than 30 days before todays date. |

| Example 15 - This counts the number of cells that contain either the text "Y" or the text "N". |

| For examples of how to include multiple conditions, please refer to __Array Formulas > Multiple Conditions__ |